Invoking Ma’at

Homage to you, lady of truth,

(Anedj hra-ek nebet maat)

She to whom the Ennead extend their arms:

(Setchat pesjet aui-sen her-es)

I am pure, I have been purified in the southern pool.

(Ab kua, ab na em seshetyt)

I have committed no faults, I have not erred,

(Enen asfet-a. ene khebent-a)

I have not done evil, nor have I borne false witness,

(En tu-a enen meteru-a)

I come forward to make a declaration of truth.

(I-na aa er semeteret maat)

I present truth, I present my name _______________

(Henek-i maat, henek-i ren)

I am here before you, and you are given:

(Em-ek ui em bah-ek, her di en-ek)

Power over the waters, divine food, the lifetime of Ra, eternity.

(Uas tep nu, hotepu djefau, ankh en Ra, neheh)

We feed upon truth, we live in truth

(Sam-en em maat, ankh-en em maat.

Who is Maat?

Source:  African Religion voulume 1: Anunian Theology

Written by DR.  Muata Ashby




“Those who live today will die tomorrow, those who die tomorrow will be born again; Those who live Maat will not die. “



Maat is one of the most important divinities in respect to the promotion of the spiritual evolution of an aspirant. Even though the figure of goddess Maat is not usually seen in the Rau Prt m Hm, her presence is the most strongly felt of all. Her name is mentioned more than any other goddess and indeed, she is said to be an aspect of the all-goddess, Aset. Therefore, in order to understand the Prt m Hm, we must have a working knowledge of the goddess and her philosophy. When Ra emerged in his Boat for the first time and creation came into being, he was standing on the pedestal of Maat. Thus the Creator, Ra, lives by Maat and has established Creation on Maat. Who is Maat? She is the divinity who manages the order of Creation. She is the fulcrum upon which the entire Creation and the Law of Cause and Effect or Karma, functions. Maat represents the very order which constitutes creation. Therefore, it is said that Ra created the universe by putting Maat in the place of chaos. So creation itself is Maat. Creation without order is chaos. Maat is a profound teaching in reference to the nature of creation and the manner in which human conduct should be cultivated. It refers to a deep understanding of Divinity and the manner in which virtuous qualities can be developed in the human heart so as to come closer to the Divine.



Maat is a philosophy, a spiritual symbol as well as a cosmic energy or force which pervades the entire universe. She is the symbolic embodiment of world order, justice, righteousness, correctness, harmony and peace. She is also known by her headdress composed of a feather which symbolizes the qualities just mentioned. She is a form of the Goddess Aset, who represents wisdom and spiritual awakening through balance and equanimity.



In Ancient Egypt, the judges and all those connected with the judicial  system were initiated into the teachings of Maat. Thus, those who would discharge the laws and regulations of society were well trained in the ethical and spiritual-mystical values of life, fairness, justice and the responsibility to serve and promote harmony in society as well as the possibility for spiritual development in an atmosphere of freedom and peace, for only when there is justice and fairness in society can there be an abiding harmony and peace. Harmony and peace are necessary for the pursuit of true happiness and inner fulfillment in life.



Maat signifies that which is straight. Two of the symbols of Maat are the ostrich feather  and the pedestal upon which God stands. The Supreme Being, in the form of the god Atum, Asar, and Ptah, are often depicted standing on the pedestal.



Maat is the daughter of Ra, the high God, thus in a hymn to Ra we find:



The land of Manu (the West) receives thee with satisfaction, and the goddess Moat embraces thee both at morn and at eve … the god Djehuti and the goddess Moat have written down thy daily course/or thee every day …



Another Hymn in the Papyrus of Qenna (Kenna) provides deeper insight into Maat. Qenna says:



1 have come to thee, 0 Lord of the Gods, Temu-Heru-khuti, whom Moat directeth. .. Amen-Ra rests upon Moat … Ra lives by Maat… Asar carries along the earth in His train by Maat …



Maat is the daughter of Ra, and she was with him on his celestial boat when he first emerged from the primeval waters along with his company of gods and goddesses. She is also known as the Eye of Ra, Lady of heaven, Queen of the earth, Mistress of the Netherworld and the lady of the gods and goddesses. Maat also has a dual form or Maati. In her capacity of God, Maat is Shes Maat which means ceaseless-ness and regularity of the course of the sun (i.e. the universe). In the form of Maati, she represents the South and the North which symbolize Upper and Lower Egypt as well as the Higher Self and lower self. Maat is the personification of justice and righteousness upon which God has created the universe, and Maat is also the essence of God and creation. Therefore, it is Maat who judges the soul when it arrives in the judgment hall of Maat. Sometimes Maat herself becomes the scales upon which the heart of the initiate is judged. Maat judges the heart (unconscious mind) of the initiate in an attempt to determine to what extent the heart has lived in accordance with Maat or truth, correctness, reality, genuineness, uprightness, righteousness, justice, steadfastness and the unalterable nature of creation.





Prayer to Maat, Goddess of Truth and Justice

Homage to Thee, O Great Goddess, Thou Master of all Truth,
Oh my Goddess, and have brought myself hither
that I may become conscious of Thy decrees.
I know Thee and am attuned with Thee and Thy two
and forty laws which exist with Thee in this Chamber of Maat.

In Truth & Justice I come into Thy Attunement,
and I have brought Maat in my mind and Soul.

I have destroyed wickedness for Thee.
I have not done evil to mankind.
I have not oppressed the members of my family.
I have not wrought evil place of right and Truth.
I have no intimacy with worthless men.
I have not demanded first consideration.
I have not decreed that excessive labour be performed for me.
I have not brought forward my name for exaltation to honours.
I have not defrauded the oppressed of Property.
I have made no man suffer hunger
I have made no one to weep.
I have caused no pain to be inflicted upon man or animal.
I have not defrauded the Temple of their oblations.
I have not diminished from the bushel.
I have not filched away land.
I have not encroached upon the fields of others.
I have not added to the weights of the scales to cheat the seller
and I have not misread the pointer of the scales to cheat the buyer.
I have not kept milk from the mouths of children.
I have not turned back the water at the time it should flow.
I have not extinguished the fire when it should burn.
I have not repulsed God in His Manifestation.

I am Pure! I am Pure! I am Pure!
My purity is the purity of the Divinity of the Holy Temple.
Therefore evil shall not befall me in this world,
because I, even I, know the Laws of God which are God.

Ma’at – our order, our truth, our justice, our fairness

Ma’at – judge of our Ba (heart)

Ma’at – foundation for the building blocks of creation and all living beings



~ by kevinmichaelconnor on February 26, 2012.

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